Politics

'Iconic' blue British passport to return after Brexit


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Home Office/Getty

British passports will change from burgundy to blue after Britain leaves the EU, the Home Office has said.

Immigration Minister Brandon Lewis said he was delighted to return to the “iconic” blue and gold design which came into use almost 100 years ago.

The new passports will be issued to those renewing or applying for a passport from October 2019.

Burgundy passports were first issued in 1988. The EU has never compelled the UK to change the colour of its passport.

Former UKIP leader Nigel Farage responded to the announcement by tweeting “Happy Brexmas!”

He added: “In the 2016 referendum, we wanted our passports back. Now we’ve got them back!”

But Labour MP Mary Creagh tweeted: “No-one under 45 will have owned a blue passport, and most will think they’re not worth £50 billion and crashing the economy.”

Mr Lewis told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme he knew many Remain voters who still had an “attachment” and “speak fondly” of the blue passport.


Analysis

By Dominic Casciani, home affairs correspondent

Did Brussels force the UK to change the colour of its passport? No.

The European Union has never had the power to force the UK to change the colour of the British passport.

Dumping the blue for burgundy was a decision taken by the UK in the 1980s after the then EEC (European Economic Community) member states tried to harmonise designs to make life easier for travellers and border officials.

So this wasn’t a decision forced on the UK by Brussels Eurocrats. Ministers could have ignored it.

Croatia retained its blue passport after it joined the EU in 2013.

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Getty Images/BBC

Image caption

Some countries in the EU have a burgundy passport like Italy (left), but Croatia retained its blue passport (right) after joining the union in 2013

In a similar vein, the EU has never had the power to order the UK to remove references to Her Majesty The Queen from the passport. It is still a British document, but with added EU wording to guarantee freedom of movement.

The only legal requirement to harmonise EU passports related to security standards, part of a global governmental effort to combat forgery.

If the EU wanted passports to change in any other way, the plans would need each government to agree.


‘Powerful symbol’

Tory MP Andrew Rosindell, who campaigned to bring back the blue passport, tweeted: “A great Christmas present for those who care about our national identity – the fanatical Remainers hate it, but the restoration of our own British passport is a powerful symbol that Britain is Back!”

However, many other people have mocked the announcement on social media.

Simon Blackwell, a comedy writer, said: “Why do we need any colour passport? We should just be able to shout, “British! Less of your nonsense!” and stroll straight through.”


What’s in a colour?

According to the Passport Index, 76 countries have blue passports, including a number of former colonial and Commonwealth countries, such as Australia, the United States, Canada, India and Hong Kong.

Several Caribbean countries also have blue passports, including Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados and St Vincent and the Grenadines.

In Europe, people from Iceland and Bosnia and Herzegovina both carry blue passports, while it is also a popular colour in central and south America – Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Uruguay and Venezuela are among those that have them.

Others include Israel, Iraq, Syria and North Korea.


Stig Abell, editor of the Times Literary Supplement, tweeted: “I’ve just spent the last 10 minutes screaming ‘Take that you burgundy symbol of EU oppression’ at my passport.

“It just stares insolently back, as if it is an inanimate and merely functional object and its colour doesn’t matter.”

The new passports will also have updated security features to protect against fraud, Mr Lewis said.

The Home Office said there was no need for British passport holders to do anything ahead of their current passport renewal date, adding that the changes would be introduced in phases.

When the UK leaves the EU in March 2019, burgundy passports will continue to be issued but with no reference to the European Union.

The blue passports will be issued later the same year, after a new contract for their production is negotiated.

“Leaving the EU gives us a unique opportunity to restore our national identity and forge a new path for ourselves in the world”, Mr Lewis said.


History of the passport

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Getty Images

Image caption

1414: The first version of the passport – ‘Safe Conducts’ was introduced during the reign of King Henry V (seen here at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415).

  • First introduced during the reign of Henry V in the form of a “safe conduct”, passports were granted from at least 1540
  • One of the earliest still in existence was issued on 18 June 1641 and signed by Charles I
  • A passport photograph became a requirement in 1914, upon the outbreak of World War One
  • The blue British passport came into use in 1921, with the last expiring in 2003
  • The first burgundy, machine-readable, UK passports were issued in Glasgow, in September 1988



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